Miss Annie: The Woman Behind the Annie Armstrong Easter Offering

Every year during the weeks preceding Easter, churches across the Southern Baptist Convention are asked to prayerfully and generously give to what is called the Annie Armstrong Easter Offering.  Unless you were involved with the Girls in Action program as a child or with Women’s Missionary Union, you probably are not familiar with who Miss Annie, as she was affectionately known, is. Perhaps you are not sure why we give to this offering on top of what we are already giving in our regular tithes and offerings. Annie Armstrong initiated a phenomenal work over a century ago and we now have the privilege of being a part of its ongoing effort.

Annie Armstrong, in large part, was one of the primary architects of the twentieth-century Southern Baptist Convention. While we recognize her as a name for our Easter offering, we should acknowledge the grand role she has played in raising money for the sake of missions, both nationally and internationally, as well as the work she tirelessly poured into advocating for Sunday school ministry. At a time when women were known for creating separate societies and working against larger entities, Annie organized a work that was united under the Southern Baptist Convention and pursued to cooperate with the convention for greater efficiency. She was an unstoppable woman of action.

Ironically, Annie claimed that she could never be a Baptist but at the age of 20 she joined a Southern Baptist Church in Baltimore, MD which drove her right to the heart of missionary work. Annie’s passion for home missions was motivated by the people around her. She ministered in large part to mothers, immigrants, the underprivileged, the sick, African Americans, Native Americans, and later her Jewish neighbors. The year 1880 was a pivotal point in her life when she heard of destitute conditions and needs of Native Americans. Annie among other women, sent clothes to the Native American children enrolled in a mission school. Without this donation, the school would have had to close. Miss Annie taught children’s Sunday school for 50 years. She worked at the Home of the Friendless, where she served on the board for over 20 years. She also started the Ladies’ Bay View Mission which served the homeless and those struggling with addictions.

In 1888, Annie helped found the Woman’s Baptist Home Mission Society which later was renamed the Woman’s Missionary Union and served as its corresponding secretary for eighteen years. The Society’s original intent was to involve women in the support of the Home Mission Board (now known as the North American Mission Board).  She spent a large amount of time handwriting letters in support of missions. She would write until her hand could no longer hold a pen. In fact, in 1893, she wrote almost 18,000 letters.   Apart from writing letters, Annie wrote leaflets for the WMU as well as contributed to two mission publications, Foreign Mission Journal and Our Home Field.

In 1887, Lottie Moon had been faithfully serving in China for over eleven years without taking a furlough. At this time, Lottie refused to leave unless a replacement could be found but limited funds made this impossible. Lottie wrote the Baptist women of Virginia requesting that they take a week of prayer before Christmas and consider taking up a special Christmas offering for missionary work. Armstrong wrote letters to all the societies, asking them to contribute to the first Christmas offering, which resulted in $2,833.49 for Lottie Moon in China. This was enough to send three missionaries to assist Lottie Moon although Lottie originally hoped for only two. After Lottie’s death, Annie made this an annual practice across the convention and had it named the Lottie Moon Christmas Offering. During Armstrong’s tenure, total receipts for the Foreign Missional Board (now known as the International Mission Board) increased from $86,000 to $315,000.

In 1895, Armstrong led the WMU to donate $5,000 to help reduce the Home Mission Board’s $25,000 debt and stave off the withdrawal of missionaries from their mission fields. In response, the WMU instituted a Week of Self-Denial as a time of praying for and giving to home missions. Since that time, a week of prayer and a home missions offering have continued. In 1934, in observance of Annie’s endeavors to raise support for missionaries as well as her contribution and passion for reaching people for Christ in America, the SBC started the Annie Armstrong Easter Offering. This offering has supported and continues to support thousands of missionaries and church planters across North America who have dedicated their full time service to reaching the lost.

Annie Armstrong passed away on December 20, 1938, the year of WMU’s 50th anniversary. Her tombstone reads “She hath done what she could.” And now it’s our turn to do what we can.

—Jamie Crutchfield


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Then Follow the Instructions

Gaining Saul. Praying for David.


Presidents tend to personify the people who voted them in. Our 45th president is no exception. He is an achiever of the “American Dream,” a reality television star, and a man full of pride. If there has ever been a president that was the paragon of America (good, bad, and ugly), Donald Trump is it—a president of the people, by the people, for the people. I have seen the protests, and many decry that Trump is not their president, but I assure you he is. Not only because he was voted into the White House, but because he is a product of America. Love him or hate him, we are all active participants in creating him. He is our Saul.

Gaining Saul

Israel desired a king like the rest of the nations (1 Samuel 8). What they got was Saul (1 Samuel 9–10). He was head and shoulders above the other men in Israel. Though he didn’t seem altogether impressive hiding behind supplies waiting to be anointed, he embraced his role as king with great fervor. He desired to please the people. He had the propensity of being a man of religion. He had the failings of being a king, not like the nations, but like Israel. He was disloyal and disobedient. He embodied the personality of Israel—he lacked the heart for God.

Now this is not to say that Saul had no good moments. In 1 Samuel 11, we find King Saul fighting against the Ammonites in order to deliver Jabesh-Gilead. After the conflict, some men in Israel wanted to see Saul’s opponents killed on account of they did not want Saul for a king. Again, we find another positive moment for Saul, who showed mercy on these men. Instead, he directed Israel’s attention to the Lord’s ability to provide victory. Unfortunately, this accomplishment did not characterize the remainder of Saul’s rule—remember, he lacked the heart for God.

Now what do I mean by “Saul lacked a heart for God,” but that Saul’s chief loyalty was not to God, but to himself. Saul acted on his behalf, as he pleased. Even in moments when he sought to satisfy his people (see 1 Samuel 13 and 15), this was for his sake. Leaders love polls that are favorable of them. Because Saul was more concerned about his chief desire rather than God’s command, neither he or his descendants would remain on the throne in Israel. The children of Israel wanted a king like the nations, instead they gained Saul, one of their own.

Americans wanted someone who would “Make America Great Again.” What they have gained is someone made great by America. President Trump has vowed to serve the American people and represent them in every way possible. I believe he is sincere in this. I think he truly desires to see the US ascend to new heights, no matter the cost.

After his presidential victory, there were some supporters who sought to shame and expose those not politically backing our now elected president. These cohorts feel that this victory for the White House is America’s greatest hope for any kind of brighter future. As a result, they have sought to silence and marginalize President Trump’s opponents. Such behavior and actions only worsens the tension within our country, even Saul knew this.

President Trump is the embodiment of the American people. He has an entrepreneurial spirit, self-confidence, and a fierce drive. No doubt he will attempt to “Make America Great Again,” and many will follow him and celebrate his efforts. Still, there will be moments (perhaps even already) when like Saul, our President will make rash oaths, poor decisions, and suffer lingering consequences (see 1 Samuel 13–15). At that point, regardless if you are a supporter or a dissenter, celebrating the shortcomings of others accomplishes nothing. Such behavior only furthers the divide. Instead of rejoicing in the inadequacies of our leaders, we should spend the time praying for them. The defects in our leaders should remind us of what we long for—while we have gained Saul, we are praying for David.

Praying for David

Things unraveled quickly for King Saul. His entire demeanor transformed after his confrontation with Samuel in 1 Samuel 15. Readers held out hope that Saul could reform and rightly fulfill his office as king, but this was not to be. The readers were left looking for one who would truly be loyal to God and maintain the throne of Israel in a manner that accurately portrays the rule of God. God informed Samuel that David was this man (1 Samuel 16).

When we find David tending the sheep, we discover someone not near as impressive as King Saul. He was ruddy, healthy, and had beautiful eyes, but he was also unimposing and smaller than his brothers. Yet, like Samuel, the reader is forced to learn a valuable lesson—the ability of a leader is not in his appearance, it is in his heart—David was loyal above all, to God. This was plainly affirmed in David’s clash with Goliath.

1 Samuel 17 highlights David uniquely as he stands in contrast to King Saul, his brothers, Goliath, and all of Israel. Here we find that only David was willing to duel the giant of Gath for the honor of God. Upon relieving the head of his opponent, the Israelite army rallied around David for a great victory. But it was clear to everyone, and especially the reader, this victory was not due to David’s ability, but the God to whom David was devoted.

Here David sets the standard for the future kings of Israel—one whose heart belonged to God. While David was not without his faults, he established a type that would take precedent in the Scriptures—a king who was just and right, and pursued God. Then as we read Royal Psalms such as Psalm 2 and 110 (both Davidic), we find ourselves longing for such a ruler. Jesus is such a king.

Jesus is the perfect fulfillment of the Old Testament Davidic expectation. He is not the embodiment of Israel or our world, but of God. All his energy is spent obediently in the effort to glorify his Father. Like David, his appearance was not one of great regard. You would not look at him and say “Gee, he looks like he could be some sort of king,” let alone Savior of the world. Yet, his actions portrayed that of God, who is understood in the Old Testament to be king of all creation (see 1 Samuel 12:12, Psalm 47:7, and 145). Jesus was deniable, expendable, and crucifiable. However, today he stands as the resurrected, ascended, and enthroned King of creation. Greater still, this king is the one we are praying will return very, very soon.

Three Takeaways

This recent election should alarm every believer, for America was deserving of both candidates. Both could equally be said to have been a product of the American Dream and embodied the American people. Both would still leave us wanting and waiting for true justice, peace, and prosperity. This said, America has spoken and has gained Donald Trump as president. Regardless of your political affinity, and how you feel President Trump will do these next four years, there are three things we can take away from this past election:

1. We Respect the One in Office

David was rightly appointed king, but someone else sat on his throne. Samuel anointed David while Saul was still king of Israel. This was of course by God’s command. Yet, while David had claim to the throne of Israel, he refused to claim the life of Saul. In 1 Samuel 24:10 we find David hiding in a cave with the fortunate chance to strike out at Saul, but refrained. It was not simply that he had respect for Saul, for we know that David is a fierce warrior and could easily take life. It was because Saul was anointed and appointed by God to represent God’s rule over Israel. To lay harm to Saul would be to fight against God himself. David refused to do this, but instead chose to honor the position of Saul in order that he might honor the position of his God.

As Christians, we honestly fail in this more than most. Sure, we respect the leaders we like, and demand others to do the same. However, should we not favor our elected officials, our respect for them dissipates. We have no problem speaking publicly (more so behind a lit screen) of our great displeasure of those appointed to govern us. Unfortunately, we are so reluctant to bend our knees and do the greatest thing we could possibly do for those whom we agree or disagree with—pray for them. We can accomplish so much for our president praying for him rather than posting our angry complaints against him or his naysayers. As President Trump assumes the top spot in America, we ought to respect him (this does not demand that we agree with him) as one who stands in fulfillment of Romans 13:1–7. Therefore, let us make it a discipline and do what Paul teaches us in 1 Timothy 2:1–4 and pray for our leaders. This is the greatest thing we can do for our president and our country.

2. We Remain Loyal to Our God

You think David would have packed his bags and moved back home to his dad after he barely dodged the spear Saul hurled at his head. It would have been understandable. But regardless of the obstacles David confronted, his loyalty to God would not waiver. Even when he had another opportunity to take the life of Saul and ascend the throne of Israel by force, David trusted that God would work out all the details and hold true to his promise. So David would wait on the Lord and trust in his word. What would we expect of someone who was characterized as having a heart for God? This was not a light infatuation, but a deep devotion to God. David’s confidence in God enabled him to endure  hardships and trust in God’s deliverance.

As Americans, we tend to swoon over America. We are proud of her. We are proud because of her. In many instances we are forced to look introspectively at ourselves to discover where our true allegiance is. We might say “For God and Country,” but what that means for many of us is “For Me and Country.” Let’s be honest, we are more concerned about our present comforts than we are about God’s commission. And this will remain true as long as we allow our earthly citizenship an equal standing with our heavenly citizenship—we will continue to strive for the luxuries of the ephemeral American Dream as a substitute of the eternally abundant life found only within Jesus Christ.

3. We Pray for the Return of Christ

“Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies your footstool” (Psalm 110:1). This royal psalm composed by David, represented the kings of Israel and their place before God. David understood that the enemies of Israel would suffer defeat because God was at his right hand. As time went on, Israel found themselves without a king and without a home, but they were not without a hope.

Psalm 110 is the most quoted and alluded Old Testament passage in the entire New Testament. The writers saw Jesus as the messianic fulfillment of this royal psalm. In his first advent, Jesus came and dealt a fatal blow to sin, death, and the devil when he died upon the cross. He entered their domain and laid waste to their forces. Upon his resurrection, Jesus fast tracked the demise of sin, death, and the devil. While their influences remain in effect today, and many succumb to their will, these lethal three presently operate already defeated. Likewise, this unholy trinity will receive the whole fruit of their labor in the second death. For in Christ’s second advent, the dead will be raised, justice will be served, and truth upheld. The return of Christ is the day we are longing for. Therein lies our hope. So while we might have gained Saul, we pray for David.

For His Kingdom,

The Future that Awaits: A Thought on Martin Luther King Jr.’s Birthday

53 years ago, Martin Luther King Jr. had a dream. 53 years later, that dream is only partially realized. While we have seen segregated walls break down in many areas within our country, and freedoms given that were once withheld, there are still many walls that keep our nation from unity and peace. Within recent years we have seen racial tension steadily rise as the news media speaks concerning the violence that shakes our nation. With how this news is presented, one would think we are at war with ourselves, and that person would be right. War has broken out once again on the soil of our country, and fellow citizens are claiming the lives of fellow citizens. Not with guns and knives alone, but with words and hatred too. According to Dr. King, during the civil rights movement some found themselves and their destiny tied with the African American community. Today, we have not fully realized how our freedoms are inextricably bound together.

Dr. King had a dream, that “little black boys and black girls would be able join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.” While this is more possible today than it was in Dr. King’s day, there still remains a gap between races and brotherhood. I will never fully understand the hardships  a person of another race may undergo, for I will never experience what they have. But this does not mean that I cannot empathize for them and suffer along with them in their oppression. For I too have a dream that one day we will be able to embrace those who look nothing like us, talk nothing like us, and act nothing like us with the kind of familial love one would extend to a distant kin. For you see, we are all made in the image of God.

There is rich theology in the children’s song “Jesus loves the little children of the world,” for “red, and yellow, black, and white” are all still precious in His sight. This is as true today as it was when God spoke the cosmos into existence. While I do not estimate that Martin’s dream or my own will ever be fully realized within our country or in this fallen world during my lifetime, one day it will. In Revelation 7:9, the author John shared a vision of a future expectation, saying, “After this I looked, and there was a vast multitude from every nation, tribe, people, and language, which no one could number, standing before the Lamb. They were robed in white with palm branches in their hands. And they cried out in a loud voice:

Salvation belongs to our God, who is seated on the throne, and to the lamb!

That is the future that awaits. Equality before the throne, justice rolling down “like waters, and righteousness like a mighty stream.” Every racial barrier broken, every wall of segregation torn down, and every race before the Savior, worshipping Him side by side, and hand in hand.

For His Kingdom,